Daftar 184 Negara Paling Miskin Di Dunia

Daftar 184 Negara Paling Miskin Di Dunia
Diposkan oleh:
Daftar 184 Negara Paling Miskin Di Dunia

Ada dua metode standar untuk mengukur kekayaan negara dan bagaimana kaya atau miskin penduduknya. Ukuran yang paling sering digunakan adalah Produk Domestik Bruto (PDB), yang merupakan ukuran ekonomi suatu negara. Sebuah penyempurnaan ini adalah per-kapita PDB, yang merupakan ukuran dari kesejahteraan dan kemakmuran rata-rata, atau kemiskinan, warga suatu negara. Namun, PDB dan PDB per kapita kurang berguna ketika membandingkan ekonomi melintasi batas-batas nasional - yang mana yang harus Anda lakukan untuk menentukan negara-negara termiskin di dunia - karena PDB dinyatakan dalam mata uang lokal suatu negara.
Ukuran yang lebih memilih sebagian besar ekonom adalah PDB paritas daya beli. PDB (PPP) membandingkan perbedaan umum dalam standar hidup di seluruh antar negara karena PPP memperhitungkan biaya hidup relatif dan tingkat inflasi negara, daripada hanya menggunakan nilai tukar, yang dapat mendistorsi perbedaan nyata dalam pendapatan.

Angka-angka di bawah ini mencakup data dan perkiraan kekayaan negara dan wilayah dari tahun 2009 sampai 2013. Sumber: IMF (kecuali dinyatakan khusus).


Daftar Negara Paling miskin di Dunia, Berdasarkan Produk Domestik Bruto (PPP) per kapita 2009-2013

      
Negara 2009 2010 20112012 2013Perkiraan Mulai Setela
1Congo - Kinshasa$311.89$328.87$348.53$368.91$394.251983
2Zimbabwe$428.91$472.75$529.63$558.58$589.462008
3Burundi$566.80$582.15$604.96$625.43$648.580
4Liberia$564.75$582.63$625.74$672.56$716.042009
5Eritrea$680.18$683.08$735.17$776.79$792.132006
6Central African Republic$738.10$751.95$773.98$800.22$827.932004
7Niger$674.52$733.68$742.43$815.35$853.432009
8Malawi$782.72$821.35$850.82$857.67$893.842009
9Madagascar$939.73$931.79$944.47$955.31$972.072006
10Afghanistan$855.91$912.23$967.53$1,053.81$1,072.192007
11Mali$1,065.86$1,108.75$1,128.03$1,100.24$1,136.772010
12Togo$970.35$1,000.40$1,048.17$1,096.21$1,145.942010
13Guinea$1,041.14$1,049.25$1,086.34$1,121.36$1,162.182009
14Ethiopia$972.26$1,041.47$1,119.36$1,190.56$1,258.602008
15Mozambique$953.29$1,014.19$1,089.85$1,169.17$1,262.962010
16Guinea-Bissau$1,150.00$1,181.08$1,244.52$1,222.76$1,268.462004
17Comoros$1,189.13$1,204.44$1,231.65$1,257.99$1,296.772003
18South Sudan$2,206.23$1,006.16$1,324.102008
19Nepal$1,148.06$1,198.00$1,249.11$1,308.07$1,347.622011
20Haiti$1,205.54$1,163.46$1,234.93$1,242.82$1,358.100
21Uganda$1,280.57$1,326.62$1,399.98$1,414.93$1,459.622010
22Burkina Faso$1,188.62$1,261.22$1,302.26$1,399.50$1,488.332010
23Myanmar$1,198.80$1,254.53$1,324.61$1,405.03$1,490.532006
24Sierra Leone$1,030.78$1,072.07$1,131.30$1,344.25$1,559.952011
25Rwanda$1,201.01$1,278.08$1,384.04$1,485.91$1,591.712010
26Tanzania$1,322.92$1,392.88$1,469.19$1,566.71$1,670.212006
27Benin$1,559.98$1,575.72$1,620.35$1,666.74$1,717.822011
28Ivory Coast$1,670.53$1,683.79$1,590.70$1,726.65$1,839.672009
29Zambia$1,425.19$1,516.53$1,614.79$1,721.65$1,841.642010
30Kenya$1,614.61$1,680.77$1,740.58$1,802.38$1,884.572010
31The Gambia$1,812.31$1,903.57$1,810.67$1,864.39$2,008.232010
32Chad$1,648.25$1,841.12$1,844.22$1,923.70$2,061.632004
33Senegal$1,880.53$1,934.95$1,974.90$2,026.55$2,086.382011
34Bangladesh$1,664.04$1,774.11$1,909.46$2,039.48$2,174.322010
35Mauritania$1,863.56$1,936.86$2,006.72$2,121.62$2,230.442009
36Lesotho$1,749.83$1,879.65$2,024.32$2,137.53$2,244.102006
37Yemen$2,452.37$2,598.59$2,306.66$2,282.67$2,351.462008
38Tajikistan$1,819.78$1,941.58$2,079.45$2,228.60$2,373.962011
39Sao Tome and Principe$2,057.05$2,140.62$2,251.73$2,337.21$2,432.932010
40Cameroon$2,147.11$2,193.22$2,274.91$2,366.24$2,473.132010
41Sudan$2,151.61$2,178.85$2,682.99$2,544.63$2,550.102006
42Kyrgyz Republic$2,225.12$2,219.92$2,379.48$2,376.49$2,567.822010
43Cambodia$1,942.74$2,068.02$2,239.24$2,402.33$2,579.062008
44Djibouti$2,435.53$2,484.57$2,578.72$2,676.96$2,778.251999
45Nigeria$2,272.34$2,419.82$2,582.18$2,720.01$2,883.442006
46Papua New Guinea$2,194.12$2,333.41$2,582.26$2,797.33$2,896.832010
47Pakistan$2,642.04$2,702.39$2,785.76$2,880.67$2,969.682011
48Laos$2,356.57$2,545.28$2,769.60$3,011.21$3,260.592011
49$3,262.94$3,162.08$3,252.77$3,338.15$3,423.062011
50Solomon Islands$2,763.01$2,894.28$3,188.88$3,345.35$3,458.502010
51Ghana$2,560.45$2,732.61$3,112.88$3,305.10$3,501.530
52Moldova$2,851.23$3,097.60$3,381.86$3,415.03$3,613.352012
53Vietnam$2,939.37$3,143.00$3,358.62$3,547.77$3,750.002010
54Uzbekistan$2,796.84$3,021.17$3,272.77$3,555.08$3,820.652010
55India$3,039.28$3,378.15$3,666.90$3,829.70$4,060.222010
56Cape Verde$3,547.84$3,730.33$3,947.20$4,132.81$4,313.482008
57Nicaragua$3,830.59$3,975.03$4,228.43$4,458.43$4,641.612007
58Philippines$3,713.18$3,980.01$4,152.00$4,429.59$4,691.152011
59Honduras$4,188.74$4,313.15$4,475.32$4,609.60$4,741.162001
60Congo - Brazzaville$4,132.77$4,426.16$4,543.38$4,666.56$4,937.412004
61Fiji$4,438.80$4,471.24$4,628.75$4,785.63$4,947.382007
62Vanuatu$4,718.47$4,751.07$4,811.64$4,916.21$5,093.802009
63Indonesia$4,102.35$4,353.81$4,668.65$4,977.09$5,302.032010
64Bolivia$4,447.65$4,603.57$4,850.65$5,099.27$5,330.641981
65Guatemala$4,823.08$4,907.30$5,092.57$5,208.96$5,335.952005
66Morocco$4,602.44$4,782.70$5,074.65$5,265.18$5,537.512011
67Swaziland$5,647.84$5,766.38$5,835.24$5,781.53$5,806.662008
68Kiribati$5,634.97$5,685.90$5,816.54$5,973.05$6,125.062009
69Armenia$4,978.66$5,105.12$5,404.94$5,838.26$6,128.162011
70Mongolia$3,791.84$4,020.34$4,770.43$5,371.64$6,134.482011
71Jordan$5,686.33$5,767.22$5,907.01$6,042.29$6,198.912010
72Samoa$5,690.52$5,767.88$5,989.75$6,148.96$6,282.412011
73Georgia$4,757.85$5,064.02$5,502.30$5,929.75$6,355.742011
74Sri Lanka$4,759.84$5,169.52$5,676.37$6,106.59$6,550.222011
75Angola$5,650.77$5,748.94$5,923.85$6,346.74$6,650.292000
76Egypt$6,093.20$6,343.95$6,454.82$6,544.87$6,652.922010
77Paraguay$5,302.07$5,957.25$6,223.86$6,136.46$6,787.732011
78Bhutan$4,956.71$5,514.57$6,009.46$6,664.71$7,187.720
79Micronesia$6,527.70$6,800.70$7,103.74$7,346.28$7,532.582011
80Ukraine$6,312.71$6,685.64$7,210.44$7,373.99$7,532.922011
81Iraq$5,818.71$6,155.52$6,618.65$7,079.89$7,604.932004
82El Salvador$6,805.30$6,962.90$7,222.11$7,437.93$7,648.212007
83Algeria$6,826.15$7,059.57$7,271.85$7,477.07$7,736.902011
84Tonga$6,938.53$7,116.17$7,344.26$7,547.99$7,753.902006
85Namibia$6,504.63$6,967.91$7,399.34$7,771.70$8,159.882008
86Albania$7,184.52$7,497.85$7,848.17$8,052.18$8,290.462008
87Bosnia and Herzegovina$7,659.98$7,832.80$8,115.22$8,215.95$8,406.072010
88Guyana$6,685.73$7,050.04$7,569.11$7,938.78$8,488.392002
89Marshall Islands$7,941.18$8,394.30$8,604.00$8,683.18$8,793.022011
90Belize$7,907.53$8,109.40$8,302.55$8,753.51$8,963.612012
91Jamaica$8,788.88$8,742.90$9,027.45$9,159.24$9,323.342010
92Turkmenistan$6,249.51$6,804.24$7,842.01$8,718.20$9,394.352007
93Maldives$7,768.81$8,289.15$8,913.04$9,234.85$9,579.232006
94Dominican Republic$8,260.45$8,859.72$9,286.57$9,646.07$9,845.602004
95China$6,781.15$7,553.38$8,391.12$9,161.97$10,011.482012
96Tunisia$9,143.82$9,457.23$9,359.29$9,774.74$10,200.292010
97Ecuador$8,526.58$8,791.22$9,552.16$10,055.89$10,517.912010
98Timor-Leste$7,559.29$8,185.97$9,028.30$9,872.85$10,783.702009
99Serbia$10,124.79$10,117.79$10,404.78$10,404.84$10,787.582011
100Thailand$8,482.04$9,215.49$9,390.12$10,125.58$10,848.742011
101FYR Macedonia$9,576.94$9,963.69$10,444.03$10,579.03$10,945.612011
102Azerbaijan$9,619.12$10,116.65$10,213.21$10,478.23$11,003.542011
103Colombia$9,202.93$9,582.59$10,314.83$10,791.73$11,284.222009
104Peru$8,619.49$9,358.03$10,062.28$10,719.48$11,403.042009
105South Africa$10,218.95$10,562.60$11,028.58$11,375.48$11,750.372011
106St. Vincent and the Grenadines$11,373.04$11,246.56$11,522.11$11,776.12$12,081.342001
107Montenegro$10,252.43$10,597.57$11,628.15$11,800.31$12,101.082011
108Brazil$10,383.31$11,216.10$11,666.00$11,875.26$12,340.182010
109Suriname$10,754.42$11,197.04$11,815.34$12,397.85$12,989.562007
110Iran$12,102.84$12,789.17$13,311.98$13,127.14$13,008.372010
111Costa Rica$10,551.82$11,336.50$11,926.78$12,606.29$13,205.992011
112Romania$11,923.27$11,964.66$12,519.98$12,808.08$13,251.922011
113Saint Lucia$12,516.09$12,642.01$13,010.51$13,103.72$13,381.422011
114Venezuela$12,497.81$12,280.68$12,868.12$13,615.82$13,633.612010
115Grenada$13,182.39$13,261.79$13,608.65$13,696.75$13,948.432009
116Libya$14,396.12$15,044.72$5,903.80$12,066.45$14,474.752008
117Dominica$13,022.86$13,301.28$13,855.21$14,166.15$14,579.732011
118Kazakhstan$11,515.31$12,312.74$13,253.30$13,892.83$14,750.462012
119Bulgaria$12,645.06$12,965.22$13,812.32$14,311.58$14,870.192012
120Turkey$12,177.09$13,293.92$14,543.16$15,001.41$15,578.382011
121Mexico$13,265.43$13,945.35$14,616.14$15,311.77$15,931.752012
122Lebanon$14,104.49$15,097.20$15,449.48$15,756.94$16,126.732007
123Belarus$12,703.78$13,897.84$15,056.27$15,633.70$16,307.682010
124Mauritius$13,443.85$14,120.57$14,908.40$15,591.97$16,350.472011
125Saint Kitts and Nevis$16,804.93$16,703.39$16,415.52$16,240.96$16,495.302003
126Uruguay$12,775.64$14,049.00$15,112.32$15,910.80$16,728.302005
127Panama$11,863.85$12,689.90$14,112.47$15,616.75$16,993.822010
128Gabon$13,513.39$14,411.19$15,530.02$16,547.59$17,586.340
129Botswana$14,167.56$15,183.79$16,105.21$16,820.29$17,595.632008
130Malaysia$14,168.64$15,112.55$16,008.99$16,922.37$17,775.702012
131Croatia$17,548.35$17,422.11$17,849.81$17,810.14$18,066.822010
132Antigua and Barbuda$18,977.55$17,591.02$17,433.40$18,026.66$18,625.962009
133Russia$14,834.48$15,687.18$16,767.87$17,708.74$18,670.532012
134Argentina$14,683.71$16,061.65$17,659.54$18,112.33$18,709.312010
135Latvia$14,828.72$15,182.51$16,717.35$18,254.66$19,384.912012
136Chile$15,211.11$16,147.11$17,309.84$18,419.04$19,474.742009
137Hungary$18,291.32$18,798.10$19,570.72$19,637.59$19,998.052011
138Trinidad and Tobago$19,733.46$19,923.67$19,738.31$20,087.13$20,746.282010
139Poland$18,028.68$18,961.84$20,012.74$20,591.75$21,005.392012
140Estonia$17,835.49$18,679.75$20,657.05$21,713.22$22,731.032012
141Lithuania$16,594.66$17,345.36$20,342.57$21,615.34$22,787.842011
142Portugal$22,660.00$23,384.64$23,657.82$23,385.17$23,185.212012
143Greece$28,069.82$26,960.70$25,509.98$24,505.04$23,930.222011
144Slovak Republic$21,052.94$22,218.63$23,365.99$24,249.11$24,971.882012
145Equatorial Guinea$25,749.77$24,728.42$25,669.92$25,929.18$25,117.182010
146Barbados$24,073.62$24,391.56$24,989.02$25,372.68$25,854.242010
147Seychelles$22,100.16$23,007.76$24,394.85$25,229.48$26,168.912011
148Czech Republic$25,234.06$26,110.64$27,111.90$27,190.92$27,662.992010
149Malta$24,504.30$25,499.53$26,369.76$27,022.36$27,786.992008
150Slovenia$27,213.55$27,719.77$28,435.78$28,195.24$28,013.942011
151Bahrain$27,220.37$27,129.38$27,735.31$28,743.82$29,832.892010
152Oman$25,591.17$31,341.16$28,148.41$29,166.39$29,924.882009
153Italy$29,067.71$29,817.11$30,422.23$30,136.38$30,094.062012
154Spain$29,545.86$29,751.37$30,477.65$30,557.47$30,620.152012
155New Zealand$27,375.74$27,899.40$28,667.35$29,730.30$30,803.762011
156The Bahamas$29,512.91$29,629.83$30,414.74$31,382.41$32,397.942008
157Saudi Arabia$25,938.31$27,313.87$29,400.68$31,275.49$32,469.342010
158Israel$28,916.89$30,101.30$31,466.29$32,312.42$33,282.212012
159Korea$27,709.93$29,717.18$31,220.48$32,272.12$33,580.492011
160France$33,121.23$33,959.54$35,089.79$35,547.96$35,941.522011
161Finland$33,054.44$34,455.81$35,993.69$36,395.01$37,012.462011
162United Kingdom$34,877.64$35,708.02$36,525.41$36,941.06$37,501.702010
163Japan$32,323.32$34,280.08$34,853.04$36,265.75$37,525.382012
164Belgium$35,662.09$36,716.96$37,611.05$37,883.06$38,286.442012
165Denmark$35,444.34$36,330.97$37,340.58$37,657.20$38,521.262011
166Kuwait$37,704.42$36,290.74$38,332.08$39,888.76$39,861.232011
167Germany$34,265.46$36,172.68$38,077.22$39,028.39$39,993.342012
168Taiwan$31,782.32$35,607.45$37,742.54$38,749.20$40,392.862012
169Iceland$38,010.73$36,572.42$38,039.16$39,223.96$40,401.632011
170Sweden$35,787.73$38,230.34$40,228.87$41,191.47$42,037.482012
171Netherlands$39,906.18$40,888.01$41,976.87$42,193.69$42,493.492011
172Ireland$39,616.12$39,650.71$40,894.86$41,920.73$42,806.382011
173Austria$38,577.30$39,777.04$41,556.13$42,408.58$43,344.792012
174Canada$38,933.71$40,223.54$41,690.04$42,734.36$43,593.742012
175Australia$38,595.00$39,674.44$40,949.02$42,640.28$44,073.812011
176Switzerland$41,785.02$43,156.72$44,451.65$45,417.81$46,474.952011
177United Arab Emirates$45,913.80$45,759.38$47,728.78$49,011.59$49,883.582009
178United States$45,461.43$46,811.06$48,328.25$49,922.11$51,248.212011
179Hong Kong$44,120.22$47,369.93$50,296.10$51,494.15$53,432.232011
180Brunei Darussalam$50,985.72$52,091.22$53,557.21$54,388.65$55,111.202011
181Norway$51,922.18$52,034.15$53,157.75$55,008.77$56,663.472012
182Singapore$49,919.56$56,865.16$59,594.79$60,409.98$61,567.282011
183Luxembourg$76,832.29$78,641.61$79,777.99$79,785.04$79,593.912011
184Qatar$77,445.61$88,313.13$97,987.01$102,211.00$105,091.422011

DEFINISI:
PDB (produk domestik bruto) adalah jumlah dari nilai tambah bruto oleh semua produsen penduduk dalam perekonomian ditambah pajak produk dan dikurangi subsidi tidak termasuk dalam nilai produk. Hal ini dihitung tanpa pengurangan untuk penyusutan aktiva palsu atau deplesi dan degradasi sumber daya alam.
GDP PPP (paritas daya beli) adalah produk domestik bruto dikonversi ke dolar internasional dengan menggunakan beli tingkat paritas daya. Sebuah dolar internasional memiliki daya beli yang sama lebih dari PDB sebagai dolar AS telah di Amerika Serikat. Pembelian paritas daya (PPP) adalah kurs konversi mata uang yang menghilangkan perbedaan tingkat harga antar negara.
PDB (PPP) per kapita PDB atas dasar daya beli paritas dibagi dengan jumlah penduduk. Harap dicatat: Sedangkan estimasi PPP untuk negara-negara OECD yang cukup handal, PPP memperkirakan untuk negara-negara berkembang sering perkiraan kasar. 
GNI (pendapatan nasional bruto) adalah produk domestik bruto (PDB) ditambah penerimaan bersih penghasilan utama (kompensasi karyawan dan pendapatan investasi) dari luar negeri. GDP adalah jumlah dari nilai tambah oleh semua produsen penduduk ditambah pajak produk (subsidi kurang) tidak termasuk dalam penilaian output.
GNI per kapita adalah pendapatan nasional bruto dibagi dengan populasi pertengahan tahun.
PPP GNI adalah pendapatan nasional bruto dikonversi ke dolar internasional dengan menggunakan beli tingkat paritas daya. Sebuah dolar internasional memiliki daya beli yang sama lebih dari GNI sebagai dolar AS telah di Amerika Serikat. 
Definisi dari Bank Dunia, Organisasi untuk Kerjasama Ekonomi dan Pembangunan dan IMF.